Forfattet av Hans Konrad Johnsen, med kronologi over tidlige værhendelser hentet fra James Marusek.
Dagens Næringsliv rapporterer 25. juni fra «forskere» som sier at hetebølger (som fjorårets) ikke ville forekomme om klimaet hadde vært stabilt. Underforstått – et klima som ikke var ødelagt av mennesket. Kontrollerer man mot historiske kronologier over værhendelser vises det at dette er historieløshet. Dette er politisk korrekte tekster som skal formidles til folket uansett hvor absurd innholdet måtte være. Dermed er det helt uaktuelt at journalister eller de omtalte «forskerne» selv faktasjekker påstandene de går ut med.
Vedlagt er også ett eksempel fra Aftenpostens(!!!) «Historiemagasin». De oppdaget ikke hvor fullstendig politisk ukorrekt det er å skrive noe slikt. Les ingressen.
Siden Benestad i DN sier at varmebølger ikke ville skjedd i et «stabilt klima» – lurer jeg på hvilken epoke på jorda som hadde slikt klima og om han er klar over hvilken variabilitet klimaet klarer å oppvise UTEN såkalt menneskelig påvirkning.
Tekstene nedenfor gjengis på engelsk, men med redigerte overskrifter. De er i høyeste grad er et LITE utvalg, hentet fra: A Chronological Listing of Early Weather Events av James A. Marusek (Red. anm: Noen av referansetekstene er gjentagelser som er sløyfet for å forbedre lesbarheten) :
Tallene som følger etter tekstlinjene er nummeret på forfatterens originalreferanser.
Severe Winter of 859 – 860 A.D.
During the winter most of the rivers in Europe were frozen for two months.1
The winter of 860 A.D. was very long and very cold [in France]. It lasted from November to April. There was an overabundance of snow. The winter destroyed the [grape] vines. The Rhône River was frozen over its entire length. Wild animals could be taken up by hand. This was followed by a famine.171
The winter was very severe over nearly all of Europe. The Ionian and Adriatic Seas were frozen during 860 A.D.28 [The Ionian Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea, bounded by southern Italy including Calabria, Sicily and the Salento peninsula to the west, southern Albania to the north, and a large number of Greek islands. The Adriatic Sea separates the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.]
In the year 859, there was a very severe and long frost [in Britain].72
In the winter of 859-860 in Gaul [Western Europe] and Germany, the winter was very harsh and long. The winter in France lasted from November to April with snow and solid ice. In Italy, the frost was violent and persistent, and the earth was covered with immense snow. The seeds in the ground and the vines froze and died. The wine froze in the cask, where it has been preserved. The mortality rate among people and animals was large, and then a famine broke out, which was terrible in the next year.62
Great Famine In France 1030 – 1032 A.D.
From 1030-32 the whole course of nature seemed to be upset, and there were intense cold in the summer and oppressive heat during the winter. Rains and frost came out of season and for three years there were neither a period for planting seeds or for harvesting. The miseries of mankind in France at that time were incredible. Also there was a fear of the coming of the end of the world coinciding with the 1,000th anniversary of the Crucifixion. Thousands upon thousands died of starvation, and the living were too weak to bury the dead. There were many horrible instances of cannibalism and human flesh was said to have been exposed for sale in the market at Tournus. In their maddened condition, the peasants exhumed human bodies from graves and gnawed the bones.84
Excessive rainfall and humidity was the main cause of the terrible famine of 1030 to 1033 in France. The ground was incessantly drenched by rainfall. Farmers waited in vain for a favorable time for sowing their crops. The soil remained so soaked for three years, that it didn’t offer a single furrow to receive grain. These floods offered a sad triumph over the weeds in the fields. Bushel of seed brought only a pint in the best land and the pint itself only a few grains.79
Great drought of 1135 A.D.
In 1135 [in Europe], the heat and drought were extremely high. The pastures and the crops were scorched, and it was followed by a great dearth and famine. The rivers and springs dried up. The heaths of the mountains [small shrub with tiny evergreen leaves and pink or purple flowers] and the dry forests caught fire, allegedly from the glow of the sun’s rays. The Rhine River [in Germany] was almost completely dry and could be crossed on foot in several places.62
In 1135, so great a drought and heat, that all grass and corn [grain] were burnt up. Dearth and a great famine followed. Rivers and springs were dried up. Mountains and woods were burnt up. And many places were said to be set on fire by the sun. The Rhine River was so dried up, that one might safely ford it in any place.72
From 1135-37 in England, there was a great drought and famine.57, 72, 91
Severe Winter of 1407 – 1408 A.D.
In December 1407, began a frost of such violence and continuance, that the like was never heard of in England. It lasted fifteen weeks, and being accompanied with abundance of snow, it was greatly destructive to the smaller birds.39
In England in 1407, the frost lasted fourteen weeks; small birds perished. In the Baltic Provinces in 1408 the frost was very severe.47, 93 [Baltic Provinces in this time period were the Hanseatic League Baltic provinces of Estonia and Latvia.]
In 1408, the vines and fruit trees in France were killed [by the extreme cold].58, 80
In 1408, the Danube River freezes over its entire length. The ice stretches uninterrupted from Norway into Denmark. Carts cross the Seine River in France on the ice.60
In 1408, carts traveled on the ice across the frozen Seine River in France. The Danube River across its entire course was frozen, and the Maas [Meuse] River was frozen. The ice extends without interruptions from Norway to Denmark, so that the wolves invaded from the north into Jutland.62
In the year 1408 «The winter of this year, ruled strictly in Northern Europe to the banks of the Danube, and was the cruelest in 500 years. The winter was so long that it stopped by Feast of St. Martins (11 November) by the end of January, and so severe that the roots of the vines and fruit trees froze to death.» 62
Hot Summer of 1420 A.D.
The weather in 1420 was exceptionally good for the wine in Dijon, France. They drank the new vintage on 25 August, which was about 30 days ahead of the average time. In the first days of April, the farmers came to the door of the cathedral at Metz, France to offer lilies of the valley. On 10th of April, the strawberries were ripe. On 22 June, the grapes were crushed. On 22 July the harvest was completed. And they drank at the end of the month, the new wine.62
On 7 April 1420 [in Germany], the roses bloomed and cherries and strawberries were picked. In June grapes and peaches were ripe. On 8 June there was frost and snow but it did little damage. The autumn was beautiful.172
Winter of 1420 / 1421 A.D. [In Europe], the winter was so mild that in April 1421 there were cherries and in May grapes.62
Draught of 1472 – 1475 A.D.
Hungary, England and France had drought In 1473. There was a most droughty summer and so hot that woods took fire. All rivers dried up. The Danube River could be walked over in Hungary. This drought continued for 3 years. 72
The summer of 1473 was very hot in France. The heat lasted from June until December 1. There was neither cold nor frost before Candlemas [2 February 1474]. 79
The heat and drought in the year 1473 was so intense that the forests caught fire. All the rivers were dry. In Hungary one could wade across the Danube River. This drought lasted three years. In Dijon, France, the harvest began on 29 August. The heat around Metz, France, that year was so strong that on 1 May cherries were sold, and on the Feast of Saint Peters [June 29] ripe grapes were sold. The harvest was over in August. Legumes could not be harvested due to the drought. 62
In England, there was a great drought and heat during 1473-75 after the two comets of 1472. 47, 72
Severe Winter of 1594 – 1595 A.D.
Europe experienced a cold winter. The Lagoons of Venice froze and didn’t thaw until February 1595.28
In 1594, the sea froze on the coast of Marseille, France.79
In 1594, the Rhine River in Germany, the Po River in Italy were frozen as well as the sea at Marseilles, France and Venice, Italy.62
In Europe, the Rhine and Scheldt Rivers, and the Adriatic Sea at Venice froze.47, 90, 93
In 1594, the rivers of Northern Europe were frozen before Christmas. The Cattegat froze, together with a large part of the Baltic Sea. The Sea of Venice froze so that during three weeks no boats could be used. The Tiber River froze at Rome, Italy and men crossed it on the ice, a thing never known before or since.63
The extreme cold of the winter of 1594-95 began on 23 December 1594. The cold weather began again on 13 April 1595, which was as cold as Christmas, 1594. This period brought about many sudden deaths in Paris, France «particularly in young children and women”. The Rhine River in Germany, the Po River in Italy and the lagoons of Venice were all frozen. 62